The Music of Anthony Philip Heinrich

Heinrich from The Log House in 1826 from the LoC

(1781-1861)

Bibliography | Discography

Anthony [Anton] Philip Heinrich (b. 11 March 1781 in Shonbuchel, Bohemia; d. 3 May 1861 in New York, NY), America's self-proclaimed loghouse composer, first came to America in 1805, settling in Philadelphia, after his wife died in 1814. He later moved to Kentucky, in Louisville, and later to Bardstown. He went to London in 1827 and returned to America by 1832. He then returned to Europe in 1834. He returned to America in 1838 and worked in and around New York from then until 1861. He was called the Beethoven of America in 1823 by the Boston writer John Rowe Parker. He had a daughter named Antonia.

Read contemporary comments about Heinrich by John Hill Hewitt.

A major source for Heinrich's music is Kallisti Music Press. I am pleased to have so far helped draft submissions for the publisher's Editorship of the following Heinrich published books:

  1. Piano Music, Vol. IV (2002)
  2. Songs, Vol. V (2003)
  3. Legiones columbarum americanarum sylvestrium (The Columbiad). [1858] (2007)
Currently my work on his Songs, Vol. VII and The Jubilee: A Grand National Symphony Canonical [1841] are in progress. A 1996 reprint edition of The Sylviad: or, Minstrelsy of Nature in the Wilds of North America prepared, with an Introduction by J. Bunker Clark, is available from Conners Publications of Wisconsin, ISBN 0-965432-0-8. A 1972 reprint edition, in one volume, of The Dawning of Music and The Western Minstrel has been published by Da Capo Press of New York, in their Early American Music Series, Volume 10, ISBN 0-306-77310-4. It has an Introduction by H. Wiley Hitchcock.

Another website devoted to Papa Heinrich is here and features sections for a Biograph, Compositions, Critical Analysis, Bibliography and a Discography.


The Dawning of Music in Kentucky,
or the Pleasures of Harmony
in the Solitudes of Nature
(Opera Prima) (4 May 1820)

Title

Words

Sources/Comments

A Bottle Song (Six Bumpers, An Overflowing Bumper, Postscript-- or a Health to Amateurs, Valso Cantante)

Robert Burns; Heinrich

pp. 41-51

A Chromatic Ramble, of the Perigrine Harmonist

Heinrich?

pp. 135-145

A Divertimento for the Piano Forte (Farmington Minuet, Farmington Allemande, Farmington March)

none

pp.169-173

Avance et Retraite (Military Waltz)

none

p. 119

Canzonet

William B. Tappan (from Songs of Judah)

p. 191

Coda [from Heinrich's Songs, Vol. I, Kallisti Music Press edition. Used by permission]

William B. Tappan

pp. 146-147

Columbia's Plaint Henry C. Lewis pp. 95-96; 012/056@Levy

Empress's March (from The Minstrel's Petition)

none

pp. 245-250

Fair Haidee's Waltz

none

p. 56

Farewell to Farmington (Cotillion)

none

p. 180

Five Minuets (The Imperial, The Royal, The Illustrious, The Affable, The Philanthropic)

none

pp. 227-232

From Thee Eliza I Must Go (Song)

Robert Burns, 1759-1796

p. 175-179

God Save the Emporer (subject by J. Haydn) (Tema + 5 Var.) (from The Minstrel's Petition)

none

pp. 219-226

Hail Columbia (Minuet)

none

pp. 71-73

Hail to Kentucky

P. Grayson Esqr.

pp. 11-18

How Sleep the Brave (Vocal+pno; and Harmonized for Three Voices)

Collins

pp. 77-79

Kentucky March (Trio & Quickstep Waltz)

none

pp. 61-66

La Buena Mattina (Sonata for the Piano Forte)

none

pp. 25-39

Lord Byron's Cotillion (an Extract from The Fair Haidee, a song written by that eminent English bard) (Performed as a Solo dance in the musical Melo Drama of the Child of the Mountain)

none

p. 55

March Concertante (adapted to the Piano Forte, intended for full orchestra)

none

pp. 197-213

Marcia di Ballo (Marcia Brioso, Rondo Fanfare)

none

pp. 157-163

Ode to the Memory of Commodore O. H. Perry (Requiem) (plus Epitome)

Henry C. Lewis

pp. 91-94

Prologue Song

Henry C. Lewis

pp. 4-9

Say What Is That Heart! (Song)

Peter W. Grayson Esq.

pp. 181-186

Sensibility's Child (Song)

Henry C. Lewis

pp. 99-100

Sensibility (Song [Duet])

Henry C. Lewis

pp. 97-99

Serenata (A Seranade) (Adapted for the Piano Forte)

none

pp. 19-24

Supplement ("My heart that tuneless long hath remain")

Boston Bard

pp. 150-152

Sweet Maid (Song)

anon.

pp. 164-165

Tema di Mozart and an Original Air (Varied for the Violin with Accompaniments)

none

pp. 121-134

The Affable (Minuet) (from Five Minuets)

none

pp. 230-231

The Austrian (A Landler)

none

pp. 85-90

The Birthday of Washington (A Patriotic Ode)

Anon. from the National Intelligencer

pp. 232-237

The Bohemian Emigrant

Henry C. Lewis

pp. 193-195

The Bride's Fairwell

Henry C. Lewis

pp. 102-103

The Fair Bohemian (Cotillion)

none

p. 81

The Fair Traveller (or the Post-Ride from Prague to Vienna) (Descriptive Waltz) (from The Minstrel's Petition)

none

pp. 238-245

The Henriade (Cotillion)

none

pp. 196

The Illustrious (Minuet) (from Five Minuets)

none

pp. 229-230

The Imperial (Minuet) (from Five Minuets)

none

pp. 227-228

The Minstrel's Petition, or a Votive Wreath

(contains:)

God Save the Emperor!

Five Minuets (The Imperial, The Royal, The Illustrious, The Affable, The Philanthropic)

The Austrian—A Landler

The Fair Traveller

Emperess's March

none

pp. 216-250

The Musical Bachelor [Version 1]

A Gentleman of Kentucky (J. R. Black Esq. of Shelbyville, Ky.)

pp. 67-70; also from Songs, Vol. V (Philadelphia: Kallisti Music Press, 2003), page 61-64

The Musical Bachelor [Version 2]

A Gentleman of Kentucky (J. R. Black Esq. of Shelbyville, Ky.)

pp. 66; also from Songs, Vol. V (Philadelphia: Kallisti Music Press, 2003), page 65

The Philanthropic (Minuet) (from Five Minuets)

none

232

The Prague Waltz

None

pp. 80

The Royal (Minuet) (from Five Minuets)

none

pp. 228-229

The Sarah (Cotillion)

none

p. 192

The Sons of the Woods (An Indian War-Song)

Henry C. Lewis

pp. 153-156

The Unamiable (Cotillion) (plus A German Hopsassa Dance and An Allemande)

none

pp. 82-84

The Yankee Doodleiad (A National Divertimento)

none

pp. 254-269

The Young Columbian Midshipman (Waltz Song) (contains Vivo!, Epitome)

Henry C. Lewis

pp. 52-54

Three Cotillions (Luciade, La Primavera, Il Brilliante)

none

pp. 166-168

To the Air of Hail Kentucky

Heinrich?

pp. 9-10

Visit to Farmington

none

p. 101

Visit to Philadelphia

Henry C. Lewis

p. 114

O Where Is That Heart

Paul W. Grayson Esq.

pp. 188-189

Yankee Doodle, Waltz

none

pp. 74-76

 

The Western Minstrel,
a Collection of Original, Moral, Patriotic,
& Sentimental Songs for the
Voice & Piano Forte,
Interspersed with Airs, Waltzes, &c.
(Opera Seconda) (23 June 1820)

Title

Words

Sources/Comments

Gypsy Dance

none

p. 27

Hast Thou Seen!

William B. Tappan (from Songs of Judah)

pp. 2-3

Image of My Tears

Henry C. Lewis

pp. 25-26

Irradiate Cause!

William B. Tappan (from Songs of Judah)

pp. 24-25

Landler of Austria (a rustic Waltz)

none

p. 16

Love in Ohio

Henry C. Lewis

pp. 34-35

Maid of the Valley

William B. Tappan

pp. 11-12

O Smile Upon the Deaf & Dumb

William B. Tappan (from Songs of Judah)

pp. 33-34

Philadelphia Waltz (an extract from Visit to Philadelphia)

none

p. 3

Remember Me!

Henry C. Lewis

pp. 4-5

Sailor Boy's Dream

Dr. Diamond

p. 32-33

The Minstrel's March, or Road to Kentucky

none

pp. 36-39

The Musical Bachelor [Version 3]

J. R. Black Esq, of Shelbyville, Ky.

pp. 14-16; also from (Philadelphia: Kallisti Music Press, 2003), pp. 66-68

The Yager's Adieu

Anon. German; trans. By Paul Grayson Esq.

pp. 6-7

There Is an Hour of Peaceful Rest

William P. Tappan from New England and Other Poems

p. 17

Venez Ici!

Henry C. Lewis

pp. 12-14

Where Are the Pleasures of Life [from Heinrich's Songs, Vol. I, Kallisti Music Press edition. Used by permission.]

G. Dutton

pp. 22-23

 

The Sylviad; or Ministrelsy of Nature
in the Wilds of N. America
[Set 1] (Opera Terza) (1823)

Title

Words

Source/Comments

The Minstrel's Catch, or Canone infinitum (A Lay, from 8 to 40 Voices, more Adlibitum, or A Medium between)

anon

No. 1, pp. 3-6

Toccatina capriciosa

none

No. 2. pp. 7-14

Canone Funerale, An American National Dirge

none

No. 3, pp. 15

Valsetto Triangolo

None

No. 4, p. 16

Philanthropy

William B. Tappan, Esq.

No. 5, p.. 17-20

The Minstrel's Musical Compliments to Mrs. Coutts, a Fancy Cotillion: Vivat Britain's Fair!

None

No. 6, pp. 21-27

A Divertimento di Ballo

none

No. 7, pp. 28-34

 

The Sylviad; or Ministrelsy of Nature
in the Wilds of N. America
[Set 2] (Opera Terza) (1825-26)

[page numbers refer to the Conners reprint version]

Title

Words

Source/Comments

Overtuer de la Cour (Intended for the Orchestra)

  ˇ Polonaise de la Cour

  ˇ Fantasia alla Polonaise

none

No. 1, pp. 40-80

Toccata grande cromatico

  ˇ Gran Toccata cromatico

  ˇ Interludio semplice

  ˇ Intermezzo variato

  ˇ Finale o Fantasia tripolata

none

No. 2, pp. 81-108

The Students March

none

No. 3, pp. 109-122

Overture to the Fair Sylph of America, Miss Eliza Eustaphieve

  ˇ Original Address of the Minstrel

  ˇ The Stranger Friend

  ˇ Overture to the Fair Sylph

  ˇ Alla valse

Morgan Neville

No. 4, pp. 123-152

The Minstrel's Entertainment with His Blind Pupil

 

No. 5, pp. 153-177

The Yager's Adieu

Heinrich (in German); English translation by Paul Grayson

No. 6, pp. 178-196

Where Is the Nymph (from Moore's Melodies)

Thomas Moore and a Lady Friend

No. 7, pp. 197-201

The Minstrel's Catch, or Canone infinitum (new version of set 1, no. 1)

Heinrich?

No. 8, pp. 203-206

The Four Pawed Kitten Dance, a Musical Jest for the Piano Forte

none

No. 9, pp. 207-212

Fill Your Goblets, a Chorus Song

H. McMurtrie, Esq.

No. 10, pp. 214-215

Epitaph on Joan Buff

William Stanton

No. 11, pp. 216-230

The Minstrel's Vote for President

none

No. 12, pp. 235

Bernard, Duke of Saxe Weimar's March

none

No. 13, pp. 237-240

The Sylph of Music, or Euterpe's Resignation

C. H. Locke

No. 14, pp. 241-243

Where's the Home, or Exile's Reflection

C. H. Locke

No. 15, pp. 245-248

Mary (and Polly's Consolation, or a Travesty on the preceeding Lament)

Heinrich?

No. 16, pp. 249-253|4-8

The Minstel's March to the Woods

none

No. 17, pp. 259-264

A Sylvan Scene of Kentucky, or the Barbecue Divertimento, Comprising the Ploughman's Grand March and the Negro's Banjo Quickstep

none

No. 18, pp. 265-287

The Log House, a Sylvan Bravura (Il Malinconico, L'Entusiasta, Il Romantico)

John Mills Brown

No. 19, pp. 289-310

The Minstrel Adieu

C. H. Locke

No. 20, pp. 311-314

The Embarkation March

none

No. 21, pp. 315-318

Sequel, or Farewell to My Loghouse (A Song; and Harmonized for Four Voices)

Heinrich

No. 22, pp. 319-324

The Debarkation March

none

No. 23, pp. 326-327

The Western Minstrel's Musical Compliments to Mrs. Coutts

Heinrich (in German); translated by Paul Grayson)

No. 24, pp. 329-344

Vivat Britain Fair! a Wedding Reel

none

No. 25, p. 345

The Western Minstrel's Recollection of the Wilderness of Kentucky, or a Vocal Fantasia

Miss Ann Gibbon Whipple of Gardner, Maine

No. 26, pp. 347-357

Bohemia, A Sacred Melody

anon.

No. 27, pp. 358-359

 

Works of Known Dates

Title

Words

Source/Comments

1827
Be Silent Now W. Steele manuscript
Dean Swift's Retreat Swift man.
Fasntasia vocale John Howard Payne manuscript
I Love the Brilliant Courtly Scene T. Gaspey man.
The Absent Charm (A canzonet) Thomas Gaspey Esqr. London: T. Welsh, No. 3584
The Twin Brothers (2 settings) L. E. Landon manuscript
The Twin Sisters (2 settings) W. Steele manuscript
1828
Avance et retrait (military overture) none London: Clementi, Collard &Collard
Be Silent Now Ye Merry Strains (cantata) (ca. 183-) W. Steele, Esq. London: Clementi, Collard &Collard
1829
1830
The Absent Charm (Canzonet) (Song) Thomas Gaspey, Esq. @LoC
Be Silent Now Ye Merry Strains (Cantata) [ca. 1830s] W. Steele Esq. Poetry of the Coda by Frederick Crouch @LoC
1831
Funeral Anthem No. 1 (chorus of men and boys with org. or pno.) Heinrich Philadephia: Kallisti Music Press
Storia d'un Violino (violin solo) none Philadephia: Kallisti Music Press
1832
Antonia (SATB with Organ) (from National Church Harmony) Heinrich? @LoC
Hail Beauteous Spring! (A Song and Chorus) [1 Jul] William B. Tappan 1832-360480@LoC
I Love Thee! T. hood man.
Nay, Lady N. Greene man.
Paganini's Incantation (with Thomas Welsh) (founded on the Italian air The Witches Dance) none 034/045@Levy
Song of Jacob to Rachel [1v, org] Tappan man.
The Voice of Faithful Love [1v, fl, pf] Gaspey man.
We Wander in a Thorny Maze Tappan man.
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
The Harper of Kentucky (orch.) (ca. 1836) none Philadelphia: Kallisti Music Press
1837
The Columbiad---petite fantasie (Chamber orch.) none Philadelphia: Kalisti Music Press
The Tower of Babel (chamber orch.) none Philadephia: Kallisti Music Press
1838
The Bonny Brunette (Song) (2 versions) John M. Moore Esq. New York: James L. Hewitt
1839
A Paean to Apollo: No. 1 Exordium, No. 2 Invocation, No. 3 Incantation, No. 4 Cadenza: Adoration of the Muses (for Orch.) ? @LoC
1840
1841
1842
The Loved One's Grave William Wordsworth man.
The Wildwood Spirit's Chant (orch.) none Philadephia: Kallisti Music Press
1843
1844
Texas and Oregon Grand March for the Pianoforte none New York: C. G. Christman
1845
The Adieu (from The Wild Wood Spirit's Chant; or, The Pilgims to the New World) [3 versions: (1) Vocal Soli and Cori, with Organ; (2) SATBB and Organ; (3) Septet for Small Orchestra] [Original German] Charles J. Hempel, Esq.; (Eng. trans. by William J. Edson, Esq.) @LoC; New York: The Author
The Mastadon (orchestra) (ca. 1845) none Philadelphia: Kallisti Music Press
1846
Breezes from the Wild Wood:
(1) Imoinda, an Indian love song;
(2) Ne-La-Me (The Morning Star), Romanza Indiana, per voce e pianoforte
William Ross Wallace, 1819-1881 410430@LoC; New York: Firth & Hall, and Firth, Hall & Pond (2 vol.)
Cantilene: no. 6, La Toilette de la Reine Mrs. G. Killick, G. von Kienbusch man.
Cantilene no. 7, The Maid of Honor, etc. (2 versions) Steele, von Kienbusch man.
Cantilene no. 8, Eleanor A. Mensbier, von Kienbusch man.
Cantile no. 9, Love's Confiding W. L. Jeffers, von Kienbusch man.
The City of Fraternal Love ? @LoC
Eligiac Quintetto Vocale (SATBB soli with organ) ??? Philadephia: Kallisti Music Press
Reminiscences of Kentucky ??? man.
Sweet Music Tappan man.
The Minstrel's Friend Tappan man.
The Parting D. C. Driscoll man.
The Tribute ??? man.
The Young Columbian Midshipman Lewis man.
Un Petite Fantasie d'Amour M. S. Pile man.
1847
Funeral Anthem No. 2 (mixed chorus with organ Heinrich Philadephia: Kallisti Music Press
La Toilette de la Cour Killick man.
1848
An Offering of Song: The Broken Heart; The Rose of the Sea Thomas Moore; M. E. Hewitt @LoC
Der Triller (La Trillata di Bravura), No. 1 ? @LoC
Sacred Meditations William B. Tappan man.
1849
La Bohemienne (A narranza di Janito. Gran fantasia vocale, con concertina accompagnimento di pianoforte) (No. 3 of Presentazoni musicali) Frederick Koller; English trans. by Henry B. Gay New York: The Author
Mym Slovanskym Bratum v Europe! (piano and voice) Heinrich Philadelphia: Kallisti Music Press
The Calm Sequester'd Cell (canzonet for voice and piano) (No. 14 of Presentazioni musicali) Thomas Gaspey, Esqr. New York: The Author
1850
Barnum. Invitation to Jenny Lind; The Museum Polka (di bravura) (Concertante for the pianoforte) none @LoC; New York: The Author
Hope's Diadem (an impromptu) [No. 6 from Sunset Chimes] Henry T. Downe Philadelphia: Kallisti Music Press [used with permission] (from Songs, Vol. IV: Sunset Chimes)
1851
1852
1853
Caprice dansante concertante, The grandfather's minuet [and] The grand-children's waltz ? @LoC
Capriccio vocale, Sweet maid [and] Encore, aria d'Esercizio ? @LoC
The Forsaken (companion to Love's Enchantment) [No. 4 from Sunset Chimes] Augustine Duganne Philadelphia: Kallisti Music Press [used with permission] (from Songs, Vol. IV: Sunset Chimes)
1854
1855
A Katinka (La Bohemiene) (Caprice) none New York: The Author
The Death of a Christian (Des Christen Tod) ? @LoC
1856
1857
1858
Allianz beider Hemispheren mittelst des transatlantischen Kabals, Die: Triumph der Wissenschaft und Industrie. Musikalisches Vermaechtniss des 80 jahrigen Burgers der Alten und der Neuen Welt, Anthony Philip Heinrich (Movements: 1. Der translantische Allianzmarch. 2. God Save the Queen with variations. 3. Hail Columbia) (Orchestra) ? @LoC; man.
Austria: Heil Dir ritterlicher Kaiser. Triumph Marsch fur volles Orchester mit dem motto: Gott erhalte, Gott beschutze, unsern Kaiser, unser Land. [Austria: The Flight of the Double Eagle. (Der Flug des Doppeladlers. A Heroic Festival Overture to a Grand Cantata: Oh, Happy Land (for Orch.)] ? @LoC
Otetto (String orch. + fl. and trg.) (ca. 1858) none Philadephia: Kallisti Music Press
1859
1860
1861
NOT DATED
Der Engel Wanderlung (Balladen No. 2) Emil Vacano from the Heinrich Collection at the LoC
Die Liebe in der Ferne [Love at a Distance](Balladen No. 1) anon. [I.D.201]@LoC

 

Bibliography:

Anthony Philip Heinrich ('Vater Heinrich'): Zur Lebensgeschichre des Veteran Kompositeurs, unsers sus der neuen Welt heimgekehrten Landsmannes. (Prague, 1857).

  ˇ Barron, David. "Anthony Philip Heinrich," Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. Stanley Dadie. (London: Macmillan, 6th Edition, 1978), contains a complete list of the works of Heinrich.

  ˇ ------. "The Early Choral Works of Anthony Philip Heinrich" Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana, 1972.

  ˇ Bruce, Frank Neely. "The Piano Pieces of Anthony Philip Heinrich contained in The Dawning of Music in Kentucky and The Western Minstrel." Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Illilois at Champaign-Urbana, 1971.

  ˇ Crawford, Richard. America's Musical Life: a History (New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 2001), Chapter 16.

  ˇ Filbrick, Loren Harold. "The Choral Works of Anthony Philip Heinrich." Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana, 1975.

  ˇ Heinrich, Anthony Philip. The Heinrich Collection. 37 volumes of compositions both published and unpublished manuscripts in the Library of Congress, Washington, D. C.

  ˇ ------. Musings of Anthony Philip Heinrich. 2 volumes of music presented by Heinrich to the Narodni Muzeum of Prague.

  ˇ ------. Scrapbook. Heinrich private collection of letters, reviews, memorabilia, and music, in the Library of Congress, Washington, D. C.

  ˇ Hewitt, John Hill. Shadows on the Wall (Baltimore: Turnbull, 1877), pages 82-85.

  ˇ Howard, John Tasker. Our American Music (New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1929), pages 232-245.

  ˇ Maust, Wilber Richard. "The Symphonies of Anthony Philip Heinrich Based on American Themes." Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 1973.

  ˇ Metcalf, Frank J. American Writers and Compilers of Sacred Music (New York: The Abington Press, 1925), pages 185-190.

  ˇ Mussic, F. A. Skizzen aus dem Leben des sich in Amerika befindenden deutschen Tondichter Anton Philip Heinrich, nach authentischen Quellen bearbeitet. (Prague, 1843).

  ˇ Upton, William Treat. Anthony Philip Heinrich: A Nineteenth-Century American Composer (1939; reprint, AMS Press, 1967).

Discography:

  ˇ Crusade LPS-260-01. Contains "The Death of a Christian", a vocal quintet.

  ˇ Desto 6445/47. Contains "Yankee Doodle Waltz", a piano piece.

  ˇ Musical Heritage 3578. The Flute in American Music. 18th and 19th Centuries. Contains "The Musical Bachelor" and "Sensibility."

  ˇ New World Records NW 230, The Flowering of Vocal Music in Americam, Vol. 1. Contains "Philanthropy", a vocal quintet.

  ˇ New World Records NW 257, The Wind Demon and Other Mid-Nineteenth-Century Piano Music. Contains his "Laurel Waltz" from THe Eissler Dances.

  ˇ New World Records NW 80208-2, Anthony Philip Heinrich: The Ornithological Combat of Kings or The Condor of the Andes and the Eagle of the Cordilleras [and] Louis Moreau Gottschalk: Night in the Tropics

  ˇ Vanguard 71178. The Dawning of Music in Kentucky.

  ˇ Vox SVBX-5302. Contains Marcia di Ballo's Rondo Fanfare.


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All Rights Reserved.
Created 23 July 2001.
Last updated 1 October 2011